Doug Joseph (Design8Studio) Full-Sheet LowRider 2 "Build on a Budget"

My location: USA, State of West Virginia, City of Clarksburg area.

My full-sheet LowRider 2 is now up and running (cutting is happening as I post this).

In this thread I will seek to detail both the LowRider 2 and my table build — with “budget” torsion boxes made from OBS, if you can believe it. I was trying to source materials during the period when plywood was rare and prices had skyrocketed. The sheet size and thickness I wanted could not be found locally, at all.

I will provide both pics, plan drawings, etc of the table build.

Note: Although I bought two “unistrut” metal pieces to use as side rails, my uncertainty about the proper final height for placement (because I’m relatively new to CNC), caused me to use wood side rails instead (for now), by splitting a 2"x6" with my table saw. I am somewhat glad I did that for the present time. I wound up moving the existing wood side rails twice after first installing them. Now that I am more certain/comfortable with the existing height, I may indeed look to switch the unistrut metal in instead. Side note: the two times I moved the side rails, were (1) “away from” the original plan and then (2) right “back to” the original plan. So, at least for now, the plan drawings I will show, are still correct.

I’m posting from my computer but my photos are on my phone, so I will aim to add them soon.



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I know it’s a bit backwards, sort order wise, to post my first completed job before posting the table build, etc, but my first real CNC client (a church about 2 hours away) took delivery last night of signs I made on my LowRider 2 out of 1/2" thick HDPE (High Density Polyethylene), and they got them mounted in short order today, guided on where to drill for screws for the keyhole cuts by using the paper templates I had provided, which were also created with the LowRider 2, by way of the 3d-printed pen holder design I’ve posted elsewhere on this site (remixed from work of others). The client sent me photos of the newly installed signage and I wanted to share here.

  1. Welcome signage - in their new church foyer:

  2. Missions signage - multiple pieces mounted in an array:

  3. History signage - they plan to install a large touchscreen on the wall beneath this one, with clickable historical content:


Nice, high quality work!


Thank you!!

OK, I’m finally coming back to provide the table design plans, and I’m making progress on being able to provide lots of photos, and perhaps even some videos can be provided.

Table for LowRider 2
Design by Doug Joseph -
3D design made using SketchUp Pro & outputted from SketchUp Layout

Here I am attaching a PDF exported from SketchUp Pro Layout, and JPG images that were also exported from there.

PDF (linked from my design studio site, due to this site’s restrictions on file size):

…And here are high-res JPGs outputted (same as the pages of the PDF):

…Also it dawned on me that the PDF/layout does not show much of the rolling cart base. So here are a couple of screen shots that give a bit more info on that part:

PS: re. those matching upper and lower frame sets (with “cross beams,” all made of 2x4s) - I actually built my table with only the lower one of those frames being a full set. The upper only had the two 3’-9" spans at each end (front and rear), and none of the rest of the upper frame set. I initially thought it would be overkill, given the torsion boxes. However, even torsion boxes can flex, especially when made of OBS, and I later wished I had made the upper frame. I may yet go back and add it. Thus, I modified the plans to show it.


Over all, my existing table is working pretty well, especially given that I somewhat succeeded at surfacing the spoil board. Building with OBS was challenging, and even though I’m certainly not a master builder with wood, I feel I could have done better if I had access to actual plywood for the torsion boxes. However, given that my table seems to still not be quite flat, even after the marginally successful surfacing effort, it still works, although for full through cuts I have to gouge a bit deeper into my sacrifice spoil board layer than is probably optimal. The fact that I can still get things done is a testament to the margin of error that’s available if you need it.

Here are a couple of photos of my actual table. Obviously I did not yet have either the wooden rails attached (made by splitting a 2x6 on my table saw), or even the thin strips of OBS that provided part of where those wooden rails were later attached. I also have purchased metal struts and will probably try to switch to those eventually, instead of wooden rails.


I had the not flat issue as well. It’s hard to get the boxes square without a flat surface to build them on. I found out about winding sticks too late. Next time mine will be better.

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Here’s a thought after having this table for a while: I wish I had made the support structure underneath longer (legs farther apart) in such a way that a full 4x8 sheet of something could be slid in to lay on the “shelf” down below the table.


OK, so a quick SENSORLESS HOMING firmware update success story.

First, my LowRider V2’s mainboard is SKR Pro 1.2 with five (5) TMC2209 drivers (this all came in my kit ordered from V1).

I have never installed any endstops, and had been seriously considering dual endstops. I’m not sure why I had never considered sensorless homing. I guess I did not even realize it was an option with my 2209 drivers.

I happened to stumble onto a YouTube video by @KCGreg about (among other things) enabling sensorless homing on his LowRider v2, and I then began reading up on both his notes here on the forum (link below), as well as the various comments/replies to it, all taken in combination with a video on YouTube (linked below) about configuring Marlin starting from scratch — toward getting sensorless homing working on my very same board and drivers.


I’m currently homing to Z-min instead of Z-max for two reasons.

  1. My table is large enough for the router / bit to be off the edge of any work piece (no danger of a router bit hitting anything when homing).

  2. I had long since replaced the “spiral /spring type” couplers (from the kit, for the Z-screws) with the “solid” kind of couplers instead. The “spring” type are so easy to pull apart.

I started off trying to configure a fresh download of Marlin (aka from scratch), however, after setting Extruders to 0 (a needed step) I got some compile errors related to not having the right number of axes defined, which threw me off at first. I felt overwhelmed at the time, like I could not get that sorted, so I resorted to editing a copy of the most recent Dual-Endstop firmware for the LowRider v2 from V1 Engineering. I ran into issues there, and then started editing a copy of the normal (non-dual endstop) LowRider v2 from V1 Engineering. That’s the one I was tweaking when I finally solved the above issues regarding having the right number of axes values, and got full success.

I practiced a couple of tips I have learned over time about editing firmware in VSCode:

  • Immediately compile the initial, unedited, known-good firmware just to make sure all is well.
  • Compile again after each change, so if one of a bunch of edits is going to break something, you immediately know which edit was the culprit. Although, this tip cannot always be followed, as some edits have to happen in batches.
  • Another tip, which was not really needed after I switched to editing the V1 dual firmware, is if you’re getting errors on a first compile, bear in mind some things get built out of order, and so just immediately try compiling a second and third time. If you still get errors, find the first one and fix it, as others after it are likely related to it.


After quite a few iterations of config tweaks (after each of which I loaded new firmware on the board), I finally got a successful one. Finally, all went without a hitch. I can tap on the Home-related choices icon, and then the HomeXY button, and the X and Y axes home exactly as expected (with anti-racking on the Y). I can then tap on the HomeZ button, and it homes as expected, in a way that corrects it being out of square.

Below is a link to a zip file of my build and configuration and the final compiled bin file:


Doug, I’m looking forward to getting back to my cnc project but need to get some more pressing projects done right now. My latest issue was related to this error message “no printer attached” or something to that effect. I worked for countless hours on that problem and finally walked away. I’m using the SKR 2.0 rev B. Matching baud rates didn’t resolve it nor did port assignments. One day I will return and refresh my memory so I can talk more intelligently.

Nice update! I have not changed my Marlin version on my lowrider since I posted my notes. I know there are a few new features that may make some of my changes unnecessary. I may look into updating once I get a few other projects out of the way. Thanks for posting your experience.

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The following will probably not be anything new for you. Just trying to be helpful.

That message is of course a reference to the need of a connection between the touchscreen and the main board. The connection requires three cables, all plugged in correctly. If the message lingers, there is an issue. (It always shows at bootup for a few seconds, but should go away.)

Possible causes / issues include:

  • Cables not all present.
  • One or more cables plugged into wrong place (the two that look alike could be incorrectly swapped).
  • One or more cables defective.
  • Firmware issue on either the touchscreen or main board.
  • Faulty equipment (either the touchscreen or main board).

There might be some other cause I’m not thinking of.

@KCGreg : I sure appreciated both your video and your notes!

Doug, Thank you for all your input and for your suggestions as to my “no printer attached” issue. I’ve ruled out the first three but not the last two. I’m leaning towards the next to last one. Need to free up some time to get back to it. Thank you!

As a continuation of trying to post some pics of my build, here are some showing my case/control box with touchscreen for SKR Pro 1.2 and TFT35.

The first is an older pic, from before I had the dust control setup I have now and before my cable chain was installed. The last three pics are from today, but mainly show the inside of the 3D-printed control box, and the cable connections of the touchscreen.

My case/control box is a remixed, customized version of the one from the main site here. I remixed it to make it wider and roomier, to build in a sled for holding the female part of the power connector, and to relocate the cooling fans, in trying to get better airflow for both the TFT and the main board.

I have posted the STL’s to Thingiverse in case anyone is interested: SKR Pro v1.2 and TFT E3 v3.0 Case (remix) (threaded inserts) by Design8Studio - Thingiverse


OK, so a quick plug for two software tools, and another compliment and thanks to Ryan @vicious1 for the LowRider 2. I’m loving it more every time I use it. My only frustrations, really, are due to my table being so not flat.

Here are the two software tools I’m really pleased with:

I just used Estlcam for the first time on a project. I had to watch a few minutes of how-to on YouTube to adjust to the way of using it, which is somewhat different from Easel, the only other CNC g-code output tool I’ve used. Although Easel is easier to use out of the box, I don’t care for their resulting G-code, especially the super slow non-cut motion rates. Bottom line is that (for a litany of other reasons as well, not just the location speeds), I like Estlcam way better than Easel.

Also, that same project was my first time to get my speeds and feeds settings from GWizard. I was also using a brand new, shiny, sharp CMT 1/4" 2-flute, up-cut bit. The job was through-cutting profiles and through-drilling holes on 3/4" MDF. This job went great, fast, smooth, and I am so pleased with the results.

Based on the recommendations from GWizard (with me nudging things toward conservative a bit, like moving the “slider” settings from about halfway to only about 30% of the way or so), I set my router speed at 17000 RPM (#3 on my Makita variable speed router), and I upped the Z step-down (depth per pass) to 4.39 mm, and I upped the feed rate to 34.5 mm/s, and increased the plunge rate to 23.2 mm/s. Again I’m really, really pleased with the results.

I also used the LowRider with a 1/8" 2-flute up-cut bit to drill an array of 1/8" holes, since it needed to be precise and it would be way easier and faster to do them all with the CNC. Again, I used GWizard to get my speeds and feeds for that phase too.

I will try to (sometime soon) edit some video of the CNC work itself and the final product once it’s finished. This CNC work was for the base for my adaptation of the “$10,000 Camera Arm” featured in this video: 3d Printing a $10,000 Camera Arm - YouTube

3d Printing a $10,000 Camera Arm


Nice looking setup. :+1:t2:
Thanks for all the links too, very helpful.


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Here are some pics of a couple recent projects I CNC cut out of MDF using my LowRider 2:

This one is a rolling base for a camera arm that I built out of aluminum square tubes and 3D-printed parts (my own modifications were made to original plan by Alexandre Chappel). The MDF base is shown here after it’s been painted. I still have yet to install the base-ballast weights I created, as well as the vertical weight that counterbalances the main arm. I have almost all the parts ready to go, except one more 3D-printed part that needs a design tweak, and the metal round bar I am planning for the vertical weight, has yet to arrive (is late but they say it’s on the way).

This is a 2-sided board for a fun, popular game. It has my own adaption and design tweaks. One side is for 6-players, and the other side is for 4 players. I plan on selling these (as many as I can) as a fundraiser. This one has not yet been painted with the “player” colors in key spots, and it has not yet been sealed (to be done with oil-based poly), but I positioned the color-coded dice and marbles to illustrate.

The “divots” for the marbles were machined with this “cove box” router bit (7/8"):

The design accents were cut with this 1/8" 2-flute up-cut end mill bit:

The profiles were through-cut with this 1/4" 2-flute up-cut bit:

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